Hi All, When the autopsy of the 9,000 year-old bison recently discovered in Russia is finished, we should know a great deal more about North American bison. We hope the scientists particularly look for “Bos Taurus” or “beef” genes in this bison. It is inevitable that bison and aurochs (the ancestor of modern beef) were freely cross-breeding in Russia at this time, and that some of the genes being classified as beef genes in bison today, actually date to the beginning of the Holocene. The parasite study will also be interesting. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2572020/Autopsy-9-000-year-old-bison-reveal-parasites-plaguing-ancient-animals.html Also, don’t forget to register for the Book Giveaway of PEOPLE OF THE WOLF at Goodreads. Only two days left to register: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/860979.People_of_the_Wolf?from_search=true Hope you win! Mike and Kathy